Work history by Status: Past

Information Management Support to ASEAN

Country: Myanmar

Status: Past

Start: Nov, 2008

End: Jul, 2010

Cyclone Nargis struck the Ayeyarwady Division of lower Myanmar in the late afternoon of 2 May 2008. The raging storm brought winds of up to 200 kilometers per hour (108 knots) and a tidal storm surge up to 3.6 meters (12 feet) high, each caused different types of damage. Over the next day and a half, Cyclone Nargis spiraled eastward, sweeping across over 50 townships and hitting Yangon, the country’s most populous city and its outskirts.

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the Government of the Union of Myanmar (GoUM), the United Nations (UN), local and international non-governmental organizations (NGOs), small community based organizations, businesses and thousands of civic-minded individuals made concerted efforts to meet the relief and recovery needs of the affected population for population distribution. Many individuals throughout the country spontaneously joined together and formed community groups to provide quick assistance. The Tripartite Core Group (TCG), consisting of the GoUM, ASEAN and the UN, was formed to help ensure smooth and strategic coordination between all actors. It was the first time that a group comprising two key international organizations working with the government to manage a humanitarian emergency had been formed.

In September 2008, the TCG initiated a comprehensive results framework and monitoring system to ensure that the relief and recovery efforts of all partners would effectively address the needs of the affected population and to provide a reporting system for the TCG analyses of the response. The framework included three components: results monitoring, aid tracking, and community monitoring7.

The TCG initiated two complementary monitoring assessment processes to provide data for the analysis of the response. The Social Impacts Monitoring (SIM) surveys were developed to examine the impact of Cyclone Nargis and the aid effort via qualitative social monitoring. The Periodic Review (PR) series of assessments were developed to focus on change at the household level as reflected by quantitative data. With the end of the TCG mandate in July 2010, it was suggested that the GoUM continue the work of the SIM and the PR assessments in some form in order to assess the longer-term impact of the Cyclone Nargis response.

iMMAP provided strategic consultants to develop survey and materials for training enumerators, methodologies and data capture systems.  Once the data was captured iMMAP deployed data base developer, statistician and GIS specialists to aid in the reporting of survey data working closely with lead scientist developing the final reports for distribution all within 30 days of survey completion.


PERIODIC REVIEW:


PERIODIC REVIEW IV (MYANMAR VERSION):

THEME:

Health Informatics, Rapid Response, Information Management, GIS, Information Analysis

Donors

Department for International Development
European Union
European Commission
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations

Lebanon Crisis Information Management Support

Country: Lebanon

Status: Past

Start: Jul, 2006

End: Dec, 2006

iMMAP immediately deployed information management and mapping specialists to Lebanon in response to the conflict in the south of that country during summer 2006. These technical experts assisted United Nations and non-governmental organizations struggling to distribute food and medical supplies throughout the country by creating highly advanced maps of surveyed road conditions. iMMAP experts supported the United Nations Joint Logistics Centre (UNJLC) as they monitored road and infrastructure conditions and the impact of contamination by landmines and unexploded ordnance (UXO), to ensure safe transport of food and health supplies to the large numbers of Lebanese displaced during the conflict. Operating in Lebanon throughout the conflict phase until the end of 2006, iMMAP personnel improved aid distribution by coordinating safe passage routes and identifying and assessing the overall impact of Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) and aerial strike damage. A leader in establishing standardized data collection procedures, iMMAP monitored road conditions and designed road, port and airport condition and logistical maps.

THEME:

Logistics, Mine Action, Safety & Security

Donors

Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada
United Nations Development Program
United Nations Joint Logistics Center

Technical Assistance to UNMACA

Country: Afghanistan

Status: Past

Start: Apr, 2006

End: Oct, 2006

iMMAP provided Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA) technical assistance to the United Nations Mine Action Centre for Afghanistan (UNMACA), in Kabul, Afghanistan.

UNMACA centrally manages and coordinates funding, field staff, mine detecting dog training, technical assistance, and quality assurance activities in support of all Humanitarian Mine Action activities in Afghanistan. Although coordinated by UNMACA, all operations are managed through Area Mine Action Center (AMAC) offices and sub-offices in the field. UNMACA utilizes the IMSMA to manage its field activities.

iMMAP's work for UNMACA was invaluable in assisting field operations. Making sense of landmine data is critical to prioritizing demining efforts based upon where need is greatest. Landmine contamination kills and maims, and affects livelihoods, reconstruction and rural development projects. The work of iMMAP reveals where landmines are cutting off access to water or grazing land, or where they are causing the most loss of life. Such data is critically important in Afghanistan, where 2,370 Afghan communities are affected by 716 million square meters of Suspected Hazard Areas. Landmines were responsible for the death of 154 people and the injury of 703 in Afghanistan in 2005 alone.

THEME:

Mine Action

Donors

United Nations Mine Action Service

Operations Explorer

Country: Lebanon

Status: Past

Start: Sep, 2004

End: Dec, 2005

iMMAP developed the Operations Explorer (OpEx) to provide the Lebanese National Demining Office (NDO), Operations Manager with transparent access to Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA) databases, displaying a summarized list of affected communities along with associated data relevant to operations planning. The Operations Manager can schedule and balance available resources, view and modify priorities, and track the progress of the plan.

THEME:

Mine Action, Software Development

Donors

Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement

Information Management Support to Laos NMAA & Thailand TMAC

Country: Laos and Thailand

Status: Past

Start: Jun, 2004

End: May, 2006

This information management support project undertaken to assist the staff at national Humanitarian Mine Action institutions Laos PDR and Thailand to transition their existing landmine and unexploded ordnance (UXO) data to the Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA) database. In Laos, this involved converting the existing UXO LAO survey and landmine and UXO incident and clearance progress data into IMSMA format.

In Thailand this involved converting the Thailand Mine Action Center (TMAC) database to IMSMA version 3.x and implementing data entry at the regional level. The project also updated existing geographic feature databases in both Laos and Thailand. An added benefitt of this project is that it facilitated the exchange of ideas between national staff responsible for Humanitarian Mine Action activities in these two countries, sharing lessons learned and improving processes. This is particularly important since the two countries share a common landmine and UXO contaminated border.

THEME:

Mine Action

Donors

Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement

Support to ESRI

Country: Iraq

Status: Past

Start: May, 2004

End: Jan, 2005

iMMAP provided technical support to Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI), the world's premier developer of geographic information systems (GIS), the software that allows the creation of map products. Funded by the US government, ESRI and iMMAP assisted the nascent Iraqi government in the nurturing of long-neglected cartographic and GIS skills. To support this work, iMMAP called upon its own extensive skills in the field of Humanitarian Information Management (HIM), skills honed in United Nations Humanitarian Information Centers (HIC's) in Afghanistan, Iraq and Liberia.

THEME:

Humanitarian Informatics

Technical Support to OCHA Liberia

Country: Liberia

Status: Past

Start: Oct, 2003

End: May, 2004

During the humanitarian crisis in Liberia, an interagency Internally Displaced Persons(IDP) Committee determined in February 2004 that a survey of the 20 official IDP camps in central Liberia (Bong, Margibi and Montserrado Counties) should be undertaken. The goals of the IDP survey was to facilitate the collection of data necessary for IDP return and reintegration planning, as well as on-going camp management.

iMMAP provided technical support to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) HIC in Liberia. This support included provision of an IDP Survey Coordinator to the HIC in Monrivia. From March to May 2004, the Survey Coordinator managed the design and implementation of an Survey. iMMAP's survey manager worked with the HIC and the IDP Committee to design the survey. This survey collected basic descriptive data using a census approach in all IDP camps in Liberia. The immediate collection effort produced critical information needed to assess geographic areas of return, vocational objectives, and social and economic vulnerabilities. The data was used to determine the equitable and effective prioritization of funding and programming to support reintegration and resettlement.

Following 14 years of civil war, most civil infrastructure had been destroyed and more than 20% of Liberia's population was suspected as being comprised of internally displaced persons (IDPs). While a significant amount of data regarding the IDP population existed from a variety of sources including the World Food Program (WFP), the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), and humanitarian non-governmental organization (NGO) camp managers, the information was not consolidated, current, or accurate. With evolving stability in Liberia, the gradual expansion of humanitarian agency field operations, and the fact that spontaneous refugee returns were beginning, there was a critical need to gather relevant information to better enable responding organizations to assist vulnerable populations and communities in the return and reintegration process.

Previously, with funding from the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention's International Emergency and Refugee Health Branch (CDC's IERHB), iMMAP supported OCHA's rapid deployment of the HIC with provision of a short-term Database Officer in late 2003. The Database Officer supported initial HIC data and GIS-based efforts. The work laid foundations for interagency collaboration in logistics, transport and forest management.

THEME:

Health Informatics, Humanitarian Informatics, Rapid Response

Donors

CDC International Emergency and Refugee Health Branch

Vietnam Landmine Impact Survey

Country: Vietnam

Status: Past

Start: Oct, 2003

End: Dec, 2008

iMMAP as lead implementing partner, and the Vietnamese Technology Centre for Bombs and Mines Disposal (BOMICEN), Ministry of Defense successfully implemented Phase I of the Landmine/UXO Impact Assessment and Rapid Technical Response Project in 2004/2005. The project was conducted in the three provinces of Ha Tinh, Quang Binh and Quang Tri; piloting the survey methodology in 344 of 549 communes in these provinces. These three provinces were chosen because they were considered the provinces most heavily impacted by the war. Technical survey teams completed clearance in more than 421 hectares in these areas under the umbrella of this project, locating and destroying 6,205 items of UXO or landmines. Phase I of the assessment was completed in 2005, and Phase II, covering an additional five provinces, ended in early 2008.

THEME:

Mine Action

Donors

Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement

Iraq Emergency Mine Action Survey

Country: Iraq

Status: Past

Start: Jun, 2003

End: Mar, 2004

As part of United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS)/United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) Humanitarian Mine Action emergency preparedness initiative, iMMAP partnered with Mines Advisory Group (MAG) to deploy an Emergency Mine Action Survey (EMAS) in June 2003. iMMAP provided the survey coordinator, and assisted MAG in conducting the survey of seven northern governorates in Iraq, identifying new landmine and unexploded ordnance (UXO) contamination that had occurred as the war began in 2003, as well as identifying older contamination in governorates south of the Kurdish region where Humanitarian Mine Action activity had not occurred in past years. The EMAS project allowed mine action implementers such as MAG to rapidly deploy clearance assets and alleviate immediately suffering of Iraqi civilians, and set the stage for conduct of the later Landmine Impact Survey of 13 or Iraq's 18 governorates.

THEME:

Mine Action, Rapid Response, Training

Donors

United Nations Mine Action Service

Support to UNMACA

Country: Afghanistan

Status: Past

Start: Mar, 2003

End: Mar, 2003

iMMAP provided an Information Management Officer to the United Nations Mine Action Center for Afghanistan (UNMACA) in March 2003 to provide technical assistance and training to UNMACA, Area Mine Action Centers (AMAC) and designated staff concerning the Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA).

THEME:

Mine Action, Training

Donors

Geneva International Center for Humanitarian Demining

Mortality, Injury and Disability Survey

Country: Afghanistan

Status: Past

Start: Aug, 2002

End: Nov, 2002

iMMAP conducted a survey of Afghanistan to collect and study data concerning mortality, injury, and disability. The effort examined overall mortality for a period of approximately 19 months before the start of the survey. Detailed data, including proportional mortality related to injury and non-injury causes, risk factor information related to physical violence, suicide, small arms, and landmine/unexploded ordnance (UXO) injuries, were collected for injuries and deaths that occurred during the survey period. In addition, the survey collected data that allowed estimates of disability prevalence.

THEME:

Health Informatics, Mine Action

Donors

CDC International Emergency and Refugee Health Branch

Technical Support to Armenian Landmine Impact Survey

Country: Armenia

Status: Past

Start: Aug, 2002

End: Aug, 2005

iMMAP deployed to Armenia during summer 2002 to conduct an initial assessment of landmine and unexploded ordnance (UXO) contamination there, and to determine local capacity for survey implementation. Based upon this reconnaissance, iMMAP provided training for Armenian Humanitarian Demining Center (AHDC) national staff. The training imparted basic capabilities necessary for conduct of a full Landmine Impact Survey of Armenia.

In 2004 the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the Armenian Ministry of Defense initiated a three-year project to address critical areas of Humanitarian Mine Action in Armenia. iMMAP, under contract to RONCO Consulting Corporation and with funding from the U.S. Department of State's Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement, provided training and technical adviser support to guide Armenian planning and implementation of the national Landmine Impact Survey.

Of note, iMMAP deployed senior members of its Iraq Landmine Impact Survey team to Armenia to train the Armenian survey staff, and share with them the valuable lessons they learned in the challenging Iraq project. Some of these same Iraqi staff members have gone on to lead the landmine survey work in the Democratic Republic of Congo and to work with the United Nations in other locations. iMMAP training and capacity building works!


FILES:

THEME:

Mine Action, Training

Donors

Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement

Post-Conflict Contamination Assessment

Country: Afghanistan

Status: Past

Start: Jun, 2002

End: Jul, 2002

The PCCA survey identified the location and impacts of new landmine/unexploded ordnance (UXO) contamination on Afghan communities following the war that ousted the Taliban government. iMMAP implemented this project jointly with the Mine Clearance Planning Agency (MCPA). The PCCA identified victims of war-related violence and property damage in communities exposed to the most recent war in Afghanistan. UXO posed, and continues to pose a serious threat to the lives and welfare of the local population by preventing access to key facilities, blocking supply routes, hindering transportation of humanitarian aid to at-risk populations, and preventing the return of refugees and Internally Displaced Persons and refugees to their communities. iMMAP surveyed 600 Afghan communities subjected to air strikes or ground operations after 11 September, 2001.

Each community was surveyed for:

  • Contamination by landmines and UXO
  • Numbers of victims of violence
  • Indications of property loss.

Read the full PCCA report here

THEME:

Health Informatics, Mine Action

Donors

CDC International Emergency and Refugee Health Branch

Support to UN Mine Action Program Sudan

Country: Sudan

Status: Past

Start: May, 2002

End: Jul, 2002

iMMAP provided Information Management Officers (IMO) to the United Nations Humanitarian Mine Action program in Sudan during this period. The IMOs provided technical expertise in information management and were responsible for establishing the Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA) in Khartoum and the Nuba Mountains United Nations field office. The Nuba Mountains office was particularly important because it also functioned as the Mine Action component of the Joint Military Commission, part of the 2002 Nuba Mountains Cease Fire agreement.

THEME:

Mine Action

Donors

United Nations Mine Action Service

Support to Lebanon Landmine Impact Survey

Country: Lebanon

Status: Past

Start: Mar, 2002

End: Aug, 2003

Mines Advisory Group (MAG) conducted a Landmine Impact Survey (LIS) in Lebanon in collaboration with the Lebanese National Demining Office (NDO). Extensive technical assistance was provided by iMMAP beginning in spring 2002. The survey was completed in 2003, and was certified by the United Nations LIS Certification Committee in 2004. The extent and nature of the landmine problem in Lebanon was only partially known prior to this survey. The LIS is a valuable source of additional information regarding the impact of dangerous munitions on the lives of the Lebanese people. The final certified LIS report was published in August 2004.

THEME:

Mine Action

Donors

European Union

Support to AIMS

Country: Afghanistan

Status: Past

Start: Feb, 2002

End: Dec, 2002

iMMAP provided emergency information management services to the United Nations Afghanistan Information Management Service (AIMS). iMMAP supplied the AIMS Technical Manager for one year, as well as a regional Information Management Officer for Kabul and remote sensing (satellite imagery) analysis training to AIMS staff. iMMAP's support was critical to AIMS success in guiding relief and development activity in Afghanistan during the immediate post-war period.

THEME:

Humanitarian Informatics, Rapid Response, Training

Donors

CDC International Emergency and Refugee Health Branch

Technical Support to UNJLC

Country: Sudan

Status: Past

Start: Jan, 2001

End: Jan, 2001

iMMAP is providing UNJLC with one Information Management Officer (IMO) to support United Nations survey, mapping, and information management activities in south Sudan. The project will cover a minimum period of six months.

THEME:

Logistics

Donors

United Nations Joint Logistics Center

Thailand Landmine Impact Survey

Country: Thailand

Status: Past

Start: May, 2000

End: Jun, 2001

Thailand was the first nation in Southeast Asia to sign and ratify the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production, and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and On Their Destruction. In 1998, the Office of the Prime Minister established the National Mine Action Committee (NMAC) as the mine action policy body within Thailand. It then established the Thailand Mine Action Center (TMAC) to implement and coordinate mine action activities.

The Landmine Impact Survey in Thailand began in May 1999 when the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS), at the behest of TMAC, requested the survey. Following two preliminary missions to Thailand, Norwegian People's Aid (NPA) was selected as the executing partner to conduct the survey. It established a full-time presence in Thailand in May 2000. NPA executed the survey in accordance with the principles and operating protocols established by the Survey Working Group (SWG) as well as the UNMAS Certification Guidelines. The data collection phase was completed in May 2001 and the office closed shortly thereafter. Funding for the survey, a total of $1,737,200, was provided by the governments of Norway, the United Kingdom, the United States, Finland, Australia, and Canada, as well as the United Nations Foundation. A portion of these funds was made available through a contracting mechanism managed by the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS).

The Landmine Impact Survey conclusively identified 530 mine-impacted communities that contain 933 distinct landmine and/or unexploded ordnance (UXO) contaminated sites. Of these communities, 297 are located along Thailand's border with Cambodia, 139 along the border with Myanmar, 90 in the areas adjacent to the Thai-Laos border, and four near the border with Malaysia. At the time of the survey, an estimated 2,557 square kilometers of contaminated land in Thailand directly affected the livelihoods and safety of 503,682 persons.

THEME:

Mine Action

Donors

Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement
Department for International Development
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada
Norwegian Government
United Nations Foundation
Australian Government Overseas Aid Program
Finnish Government

Chadian Landmine Impact Survey

Country: Chad

Status: Past

Start: Nov, 1999

End: Jul, 2001

A Landmine Impact Survey was conducted in the Republic of Chad between December 1999 and May 2001. The survey was implemented in partnership with Handicap International (France) and conclusively identified 249 landmine impacted communities, containing 417 areas contaminated by landmines and/or unexploded ordinance (UXO). The affected areas covered 1,081 square kilometers of land. The contamination directly interfered with the livelihoods and safety of at least 284,435 persons.

The survey revealed significant levels of contamination in the northern, central and eastern areas of Chad, and highlighted the extent to which the people there live with the deadly toll of landmines and UXO.

The data collected afford extensive opportunities for effective national and project planning.

THEME:

Mine Action

Donors

Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement
Department for International Development

Yemen Landmine Impact Survey

Country: Yemen

Status: Past

Start: Jul, 1999

End: Jul, 2000

The Landmine Impact Survey conducted in the Republic of Yemen from July 1999 to July 2000 conclusively identified 592 landmine and/or unexploded ordnance (UXO) impacted communities and 1,078 Suspected Hazard Areas. The survey covered at least 95% of the suspected landmine/UXO-impacted communities in the country with a high degree of confidence.

The landmine-impacted communities are distributed in 18 governorates, primarily in the south and central portions of Yemen. There are an estimated 828,000 Yemeni civilians, roughly 6 percent of the total population, living in these communities. This means that at least one in every 16 Yemenis lives or works near or is otherwise affected by the presence of landmines. One thousand seventy-eight distinct mined areas were located with a total reported surface area of 923 million square meters.

Results indicated a tendency for mine-affected communities to be grouped together into “clusters” of contamination. Two large clusters dominate the dispersal pattern of affected communities, concentrating the adverse impacts of mines in an area straddling six governorates. Additionally, there are several smaller clusters as well as a residual set of communities widely dispersed across the country.

With the completion of this survey, Yemen received the most comprehensive set of landmine/UXO-related socio-economic impact data in the world. These data supported development of effective national plans to target areas posing the greatest threat and communities bearing the greatest impact.

This survey was requested by the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS) on behalf of the Yemen National Demining Committee (NDC), which is chaired by the Minister of State for Cabinet Affairs. iMMAP implemented the survey in conjunction with the Afghan-based Mine Clearance Planning Agency (MCPA) in accordance with the guidelines and protocols set forth by the Survey Working Group (SWG). Funding for the survey was provided by the governments of Canada, the United States, Germany, and Japan, and included partial matching by the United Nations Foundation. The survey was made possible through a contracting mechanism and with the support of in-country U.N. staff provided by the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS).

THEME:

Mine Action

Donors

Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada
United Nations Foundation
Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs
German Government

Kosovo Modified Landmine Impact Survey

Country: Kosovo

Status: Past

Start: Jun, 1999

End: Mar, 2002

Shortly after deploying the first-ever Landmine Impact Survey team to Yemen in July 1999, the European Union and the U.S. Department of State's Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement (PM/WRA) requested a survey of the Province of Kosovo in the former Republic of Yugoslavia. The mission: to classify affected communities in Kosovo by the severity of socio-economic impacts caused by landmines and unexploded ordnance (UXO) and develop a system for prioritizing the tasks that the United Nations Mine Action Coordination Center (UNMACC) managed. The humanitarian microcosm of Kosovo offered a unique opportunity in the maturing Humanitarian Mine Action sector. The major threat of landmines and UXO was overcome within two and a half years, between mid-1999 and late-2001, whereas Humanitarian Mine Action programs in most other countries seem destined to continue for periods of two decades or more. In Kosovo, it was demonstrated that Humanitarian Mine Action management can be significantly enhanced with modern information management and decision support tools. Among iMMAP's many and diverse inputs to the process in Kosovo were:

  • The rapid introduction of unique database software, the Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA), to serve as UNMACC's sole information management application.
  • Intervention to develop impact founded priority scores and categories, together with operational data, supporting UNMACC's prioritized tasking system. In other words, identify the areas that need attention most urgently and allow UNMACC to task the necessary organizations to remove the threat rapidly

With the closing of the Kosovo UNMACC in December 2001, a unique opportunity to evaluate the influence that Landmine Impact Surveys exert on the actual behavior of HMA partners arose in Kosovo. This resulted in the publication of Decision Support for Mine Action by iMMAP.

THEME:

Mine Action

Donors

Office of Weapons Removal and Abatement
European Union
OASIS
  • Since the late 1990s attacks on humanitarian relief and development workers have grown in frequency....