Geospatial Support for Emergency Operations in Afghanistan

To date, iMMAP trained over 500 people belonging to more than 30 organizations, including government, UN agencies, and International NGOs.



iMMAP provides a strong support to all humanitarian stakeholders in Afghanistan with information management services and geospatial capacity, through the Afghanistan Spatial Data Center –ASDC, which is a web-based geospatial platform developed by iMMAP as part of the USAID-Funded Disaster Risk Reduction -DRR program. The ASDC provides critical information to all humanitarian organizations and government bodies for DRR, operational planning, emergency response, and M&E.

Main available products:

-Information on population estimates for all of Afghanistan, as well as for each province, district, and village in the country.

-Information on river flood and flash flood risk areas and number of people potentially exposed to that risk for all of Afghanistan, as well as for each province, district, and village in the country.

-Information on earthquakes, which are monitored every five minutes. After a 4.8 magnitude earthquake (or stronger) the ASDC will point the epicenter in the map and will release the shake map within the system. The ASDC also offers historical information on past earthquakes and the number of people, buildings, and villages affected by them.


-Landslide risk areas and population potentially exposed to landslide risk for all of Afghanistan, as well as for each province, district, and village in the country.

-Avalanche risk areas and population potentially exposed to avalanche risk for all of Afghanistan, as well as for each province, district, and village in the country.

-Snow cover level updated daily, and average monthly snow cover for each village in Afghanistan.

-Humanitarian access for entire Afghanistan, mapped daily, and more than 150,000 security events on record (since 2008). Information can be filtered by date, incident type, area and of the target.


To assist with emergency planning and response, the ASDC offers information on the location of health facilities, airports, villages, and the entire road network in Afghanistan. Furthermore, users can find information on accessibility, that is, the travel distance and time from a specific location to the closest health facility, airport, and province capital.

The ASDC allows users to automatically produce interactive dashboards and maps with all the data needed to design proposals and reports, and plan emergency response operations. It is also useful for project planning, emergency relief operations, and construction purposes for warehouses or infrastructures such as bridges or roads.



The Afghanistan Spatial Center is operational and ready for daily usage, and iMMAP offers training and workshops for all humanitarian stakeholders in Afghanistan. To date, iMMAP trained over 500 people belonging to more than 30 organizations, including government, UN agencies, and International NGOs.