Northeast Syria (NES) faces multifaceted challenges in wheat and barley production, exacerbated by ongoing crises and climate shocks. The primary concerns revolve around the accessibility and affordability of agricultural inputs, notably fuel and fertilizer. A constrained access to the former burdens farmers and hinders sustainable practices. Furthermore, water scarcity remains a critical issue, necessitating modern irrigation methods for effective crop growth. Challenges in accessing high-quality seeds and harvesting equipment impact crop yields and labor efficiency during harvest.