Profiling Venezuelan Migrants in Transit

Conducted through field surveys and interviews, the aim of this exercise was to obtain and provide accurate data on these migrant populations to support decision making and prompt an adequate response to the humanitarian needs of the people affected.

Venezuelans walking towards Colombia

With a common border of more than 2,200 km, Colombia is the most affected neighboring country by the humanitarian crisis that is wreaking havoc on Venezuela. The massive departure of migrants and refugees from Venezuela has made Colombia the main hosting nation, while it is also used as a place of transit to other regional countries.

The profiles of the people entering and transiting Colombia are multiple and diverse: Venezuelan nationals fleeing their country, Colombian economic migrants, people who had to flee because of the armed conflict and are now returning to their country, or mixed families, among others. These profiles include people who require international protection and people in need of urgent humanitarian assistance.

With the aim of assessing the multisectoral needs of Venezuelan refugees and migrants in transit, the INGO Forum with the support of iMMAP developed the Migrants in Transit Profile, a joint evaluation carried out in late October 2019. This evaluation was possible due to the support of members of the INGO Forum, Universidad Industrial de Santander (UIS), and Universidad Simón Bolívar (USB).

This exercise aimed to obtain and provide accurate information on these migrant populations through field surveys and interviews. IMMAP's survey doubled the minimum estimated sample for characterization, constituting the highest coverage survey in terms of the number of people interviewed. The results from this evaluation were completed with data provided by the World Food Programme (WFP), the Colombian Red Cross and Samaritan’s Purse on food distributions, shelter, and health.

Findings indicate that transit migration is no longer a cross border phenomenon only, with migrants experiencing transit through Venezuela too, manifesting in more severe humanitarian needs when they reach Colombia due to energy and resource waste.

All the information and insight on migrants is now visualized and presented online on a website, to support decision making and prompt an adequate response to the humanitarian needs of the people affected.

iMMAP provides continuous support to partners working in the Venezuela crisis response through our data collection, data analysis, and data visualization expertise that support informed decision making, facilitating the provision of humanitarian aid that is tailored to the immediate and long term needs of the affected people

The website presents information on the Venezuelan migrant through different data visualization techniques