Access to Services for Refugees, Migrants and Host Communities in Colombia

With the recent crisis generated by the spread of COVID-19 in Colombia, the situation of Venezuelan migrants and refugees has worsened due to the social isolation decreed by the national government.

Venezuelan migrants in Colombia

With the recent crisis created by the spread of COVID-19 in Colombia, the situation of Venezuelan migrants and refugees has worsened due to the quarantine decreed by the Government, which has prevented many migrants and refugees from engaging in their normal livelihoods in the informal economy. The situation of this population is aggravated by a lack of access to essential public services and a worsening job market, unable to accommodate the growing population in a strong economic downturn.

Venezuelan migrants in Colombia

To support the Venezuela crisis and now the COVID-19 response, iMMAP has developed and made available a dashboard with estimates of the unmet needs and services faced by refugees, migrants, returnees and host communities.

This Dashboard shows a range of deprivation indicators for the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene, Food Security and Nutrition, and Multisectoral sectors, disaggregated by department, gender, urban/rural area, and age group.

Access to services dashboard

The datasets presented are from the 2019 Large Integrated Household Survey, conducted by Colombia's National Department of Statistics (Spanish acronym DANE). The data has been weighted with the annual expansion factor, constructed as the average of the monthly expansion factor. The variables correspond to deprivation and deficiencies in access to services.

Access to services dashboard

For the Food Security and Nutrition Sector, proxy variables of food safety were processed, including the population in homes without an exclusive room for cooking, without a refrigerator and without adequate fuel for cooking (gas or electricity).

For the Multisector group, variables were identified such as overcrowding (households with more than 2.5 people per room), lack of access to the Internet, lack of electricity, floors and walls made of non-durable materials or waste (soil, cardboard, bags, etc.).

For Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) the number of people in households without access to water, sewerage, public or private garbage collection service, without toilets (improved toilets) and without continuous water supply was calculated.

With these results, it is hoped that the deprivation of the above-mentioned population groups will become visible and lead to better targeting of humanitarian assistance in the territory.

iMMAP in Colombia supports the WASH, Food Security, and Health sectors, as well as the Colombia Forum of International NGOs through information management services that facilitate a data-driven humanitarian response to alleviate the suffering of refugees, migrants, returnees and host communities alike.